There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Considering the value of oil to our lives, it is suitable to review the changes that have followed its discovery. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. The people living in this period used oil to heal diseases, light their lamps and heat their houses. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The next advancement in technology came in form of spring poles. This apparatus which was connected to a tree was made popular by the Ruffner brothers with the intention of reaching more salt deeper in the earth. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. Benjamin Silliman a chemist at Yale learned more about processes that could convert the oil into kerosene that could then be used in lamps. After the discovery by Benjamin, there was more interest in this product and commercial extraction could be seen as you’ll see here.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. More oil deposits were also discovered deeper in the earth. While drilling using the spring pole, the machine encountered a challenge going past the hardened sediments. Thus the rotary whose drill head went deeper past the sediment without the need to clear the debris constantly was developed. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
Today, the most common method of extracting oil is the rotary rig. However, they are advanced technologically as they are fitted with digital tracking devices, touchpads and video control to monitor and access the rigs from a fur. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. An instance, is the ability of a rig to move on its own as well to extract oil from a number of fields.